TYPES OF ELECTORAL DIVISIONS

Electoral divisions (also called constituencies) are areas within Singapore demarcated by the Prime Minister by law for the purposes of parliamentary elections and presidential elections.

Each electoral division is sub-divided into many smaller areas known as polling districts and each polling district will have its own polling station.

A register of electors is prepared for each electoral division.

There are 2 types of electoral divisions or constituencies in Singapore

Single Member Constituencies (SMCs)

  • An SMC is an electoral division that has a single Member of Parliament (MP) representing the interests of those residents in the constituency.
  • Thus, during a by-election in the SMC or a general election, the registered electors of the SMC will vote for a single individual to be their MP.
  • The Parliamentary Elections Act requires that there must be at least 8 SMCs at any time.

Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs)

  • A GRC is a larger electoral division, both in terms of population as well as physical area. A group of Members of Parliament (MPs) represents the interests of those residents in the constituency.
  • Thus, during a general election or by-election in the GRC, the registered electors of the GRC will vote for a group of individuals to be their MPs, who must be from the same political party or are all Independents.
  • The group may be made up of 3, 4, 5 or 6 individuals. The President declares the group number for each GRC by law.
  • At least one of the MPs in the group representing a GRC must belong to a minority racial community, either the Malay community or the Indian and other minority communities.
  • By law, the President designates the GRCs for which at least one of the MPs in the constituency must belong to one of these minority racial communities. However, the number of GRCs that can be designated as those belonging to the Malay community cannot be more than three-fifths the total number of GRCs, rounded to the next higher whole number.
  • The GRC system was established in 1988 to ensure that the minority racial communities in Singapore will always be represented in Parliament. To ensure this, the Parliamentary Elections Act requires that at least one-quarter of the total number of MPs must be representatives of GRCs.

There are a total of 2,460,977 electors in the registers of electors of the 29 electoral divisions. The registers are certified on 27 Jul 2015. The list of electoral divisions and the number of electors in each electoral division is set out below.


Table A: SMCs

SMC Name No. of Electors
Bukit Batok 27,068
Bukit Panjang 34,299
Fengshan 23,404
Hong Kah North 28,131
Hougang 24,064
MacPherson 28,481
Mountbatten 24,096
Pioneer 25,453
Potong Pasir 17,389
Punggol East 34,410
Radin Mas 28,885
Sengkang West 30,097
Yuhua 22,599



Table B: GRCs with at least one member belonging to the
Malay community

GRC Name No. of MPs No. of Electors
Aljunied 5 148,024
Bishan-Toa Payoh 5 129,850
Chua Chu Kang 4 119,848
East Coast 4 99,015
Jalan Besar 4 102,454
Marine Parade 5 146,087
Marsiling-Yew Tee 4 107,527
Pasir Ris-Punggol 6 187,252
Sembawang 5 144,604
Tampines 5 143,426



Table C: GRCs with at least one member belonging to the
Indian or other minority communities

GRC Name No. of MPs No. of Electors
Ang Mo Kio 6 187,652
Holland-Bukit Timah 4 104,397
Jurong 5 130,428
Nee Soon 5 132,200
Tanjong Pagar 5 130,601
West Coast 4 99,236

Last updated: 27 Jul 2015