TYPES OF ELECTORAL DIVISIONS

Electoral divisions (also called constituencies) are areas within Singapore demarcated by the Prime Minister by law for the purposes of parliamentary elections and presidential elections.

Each electoral division is sub-divided into many smaller areas known as polling districts and each polling district will have its own polling station.

A register of electors is prepared for each electoral division.

There are 2 types of electoral divisions or constituencies in Singapore

Single Member Constituencies (SMCs)

  • An SMC is an electoral division that has a single Member of Parliament (MP) representing the interests of those residents in the constituency.
  • Thus, during a by-election in the SMC or a general election, the registered electors of the SMC will vote for a single individual to be their MP.
  • The Parliamentary Elections Act requires that there must be at least 8 SMCs at any time.
  • We currently have a total of 12 SMCs.

Group Representation Constituencies (GRCs)

  • A GRC is a larger electoral division, both in terms of population as well as physical area. A group of Members of Parliament (MPs) represents the interests of those residents in the constituency.
  • Thus, during a general election or by-election in the GRC, the registered electors of the GRC will vote for a group of individuals to be their MPs, who must be from the same political party or are all Independents.
  • The group may be made up of 3, 4, 5 or 6 individuals. The President declares the group number for each GRC by law.
  • At least one of the MPs in the group representing a GRC must belong to a minority racial community, either the Malay community or the Indian and other minority communities.
  • By law, the President designates the GRCs for which at least one of the MPs in the constituency must belong to one of these minority racial communities. However, the number of GRCs that can be designated as those belonging to the Malay community cannot be more than three-fifths the total number of GRCs, rounded to the next higher whole number.
  • The GRC system was established in 1988 to ensure that the minority racial communities in Singapore will always be represented in Parliament. To ensure this, the Parliamentary Elections Act requires that at least one-quarter of the total number of MPs must be representatives of GRCs.
  • Currently, there are a total of 15 GRCs, represented by a total of 75 MPs.

There are a total of 2,411,188 electors in the current registers of electors of the 27 electoral divisions, as of 1 Feb 2014 (i.e. the date the current registers of electors are based on). The registers are certified on 27 Mar 2014. The list of electoral divisions and the number of electors in each electoral division is set out below.


Table A: SMCs

SMC Name
No. of Electors
Bukit Panjang
33,820
Hong Kah North
27,980
Hougang
24,088
Joo Chiat
22,418
Mountbatten
23,519
Pioneer
25,613
Potong Pasir
17,468
Punggol East
33,796
Radin Mas
29,073
Sengkang West
34,108
Whampoa
20,826
Yuhua
22,732



Table B: GRCs with at least one member belonging to the
Malay community

GRC Name
No. of MPs
No. of Electors
Aljunied
5
144,442
Bishan-Toa Payoh
5
122,712
Chua Chu Kang
5
163,687
East Coast
5
121,763
Marine Parade
5
151,468
Moulmein-Kallang
4
87,661
Pasir Ris-Punggol
6
196,350
Sembawang
5
147,866
Tampines
5
139,728



Table C: GRCs with at least one member belonging to the
Indian or other minority communities

GRC Name
No. of MPs
No. of Electors
Ang Mo Kio
6
181,100
Holland-Bukit Timah
4
91,242
Jurong
5
128,243
Nee Soon
5
154,879
Tanjong Pagar
5
137,464
West Coast
5
127,142

Last updated: 17 November 2014