Candidates can only start their election campaigns from the close of nomination, and up to before the eve of Polling Day.

Candidates should conduct election campaigning in a responsible and dignified manner that befits the seriousness of the election process. They should steer away from negative campaigning practices based on hate and denigration of opposing candidates, and should not make false statements that allege corruption or commission of criminal offences, or statements that may cause racial or religious tensions or affect social cohesion. Egregious acts of negative campaigning could also be in breach of the law.

Election Expenses Limit

The maximum amount a candidate can spend on election expenses is:

  • capped at $4 for each elector in that electoral division for Single Member Constituency (SMC)
  • capped at $4 for each elector in that electoral division divided by the number of candidates in the group for Group Representation Constituency (GRC)

The election expenses may be incurred before, during or after an election.

At the end of the Parliamentary election, every candidate and his election agent must account for all his election expenses incurred by or on behalf of the candidate in the conduct and management of election.

Internet Election Advertising

Candidates or their election agents are required to declare to the Returning Officer the particulars of every Internet election advertising (IEA) platform on which election advertising is or will be published by or on the candidates’ behalf during the campaign period, which starts with the close of nomination proceedings and ends on the eve of Polling Day. In addition, candidates or their election agents need to declare to the Returning Officer whether they are using paid IEA, and if so, provide further information on the type of services used (e.g. advertisement on a social media platform, blog advertorial within a website); the publisher of the paid IEA, the period that the paid IEA will appear; whether money was received for the placement of the paid IEA from the candidate, his election agent, his political party or any other person. They must submit their declarations via the Candidate Services.

The first declaration must be sent to the Returning Officer within 12 hours after the start of the campaign period. Thereafter, a declaration must be submitted to the Returning Officer at any time before the election advertising is published on any additional platform during the campaign period, by or on the candidate’s behalf.

Posters & Banners

The display of posters and banners advertising for a candidate or group of candidates during the campaign period must comply with the conditions listed in the Returning Officer’s permit for such display of posters and banners. No person shall display or cause to be displayed in any public place election posters and banners without authorisation by the Returning Officer.

Posters and banners must be removed within the period stated in the permit after Polling Day and the failure to do so is an offence. Candidates or their election agents have to ensure that all of their posters and banners are taken down within the specified period stated in the Returning Officer's permit and properly disposed of after the elections.

A copy of each of the posters and banners must be lodged with the Returning Officer before they are displayed. All posters and banners displayed must bear the official stamp issued by the Returning Officer.

In general, campaign posters and banners may be hung on street lamp posts and trees along public roads, but they are not allowed within a radius of 50 metres from a polling station.

Purchase of Registers of Electors to communicate with electors

Under the law, political parties, election candidates and their election agents can use the information recorded in the Registers of Electors (e.g. elector’s name and address) to communicate with electors. They must not use the information for commercial or other purposes.

The Registers of Electors come in two formats:

  1. Softcopy (i.e. a CD-ROM; ready after 1 week upon request).
  2. Hard copy (i.e. a printed document; ready after 2 weeks upon request).

The pricing of the Registers of Electors (inclusive of 7% GST) is:

Type of electoral division CD-ROM (S$) Hard Copy (S$)
SMC 128.40 235.40
4-member GRC 128.40 674.10
5-member GRC 128.40 834.60

Political parties, election candidates and their election agents may put in a request to purchase the Registers of Electors using the Request to Purchase Registers of Electors form.

   Request to Purchase Registers of Electors (pdf file: 136 KB)